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သတင္းစံုေပ်ာ္၀င္အိုးၾကီးတြင္ ေဖာ္ျပထားသည့္ သတင္း၊ဓာတ္ပံုမ်ားသည္ သက္ဆိုင္သူမ်ား၏မူပိုင္သာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း အသိေပးအပ္ပါသည္။

Sunday, December 3, 2017

Burma Human Rights and Freedom Act of 2017

လာေတာ့မယ့္ အေမရိကန္ဥပေဒ "၂၀၁၇ ခု ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ လြတ္လပ္ေရးအက္ဥပေဒ" “Burma Human Rights and Freedom Act of 2017” မွ အဓိပၸာယ္ဖြင့္ဆိုခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ ပစ္မွတ္မ်ား

(2) CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY.—The term “crimes against humanity” includes, when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack—
(A) murder;
(B) deportation or forcible transfer of population;
(C) torture;
(D) rape, sexual slavery, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity;
(E) persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law;
(F) enforced disappearance of persons;
(G) the crime of apartheid; and
(H) other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.

(3) ETHNIC CLEANSING.—The term “ethnic cleansing” means a purposeful policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to remove by violent and terror-inspiring means the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from certain geographic areas.

(4) GENOCIDE.—The term “genocide” means any offense described in section 1091(a) of title 18, United States Code.

(B) INDIVIDUALS SPECIFIED.—The individuals specified in this subparagraph are—

(i) the head of each unit of the military or security forces of Burma that was operational during the so-called “clearance operations” that began in October 2016 and are ongoing as of the date of the enactment of this Act, including—
(I) Senior General Min Aung Hlaing; ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးၾကီး မင္းေအာင္လိွဳင္
(II) Major General Maung Maung Soe; and ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ ေမာင္ေမာင္စိုး
(III) Major General Khin Maung Soe; and ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ ခင္ေမာင္စိုး

(ii) any senior official of the military or security forces of Burma for which there are credible allegations that the official has aided, participated, or is otherwise implicated in gross human rights abuses in Burma, including sexual and ethnic- or gender-based violence.
Khun Gamani

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